Home » Visiting Ephesus in Turkey – Top Tips and Essential Information To Know

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey – Top Tips and Essential Information To Know

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey is one of the best things you can do in Turkey. Exploring Ephesus is high on the list for many travellers to this beautiful country, with the ancient ruins drawing more than 2 million visitors.

I went as a seven year old and have fond memories of clambering over the rocks and exploring the vast ruins. So when I returned during my two-week trip around Turkey, I made sure to visit again.

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey – Essential Things to Know

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey
Standing outside the Library of Celsus

The history of Ephesus

The great city of Ephesus was built in the 10th century BC during the Classical Greek Era. It is estimated that at one point, as many as 225,000 people lived there.

Ephesus is considered Europe’s most complete ancient city, making it some of the best ancient ruin to see. Apparently, only 20% of the land has been fully excavated, which has already taken more than 150 years of evacuation. Yet there’s plenty to explore. Some of its most popular locations include the marble Temple of Artemis, the Basilica and the Library of Celsus, all of which are thought to be some of finest archeological sites in the world.

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey
The Library of Celsus at Ephesus

When is the best time to visit Ephesus?

Season-wise, the high season is through the summer but the temperatures can be very high during these months. The shoulder season months (April, May, September and October) are a brilliant time to visit Ephesus.

In terms of what time of day to visit Ephesus, the earlier the better. Cruise ships dock in nearly Kusadasi port every day, bringing thousands of day visitors to the archaeological sites. They walk around in huge tour groups and make it very difficult to explore.

If you do visit in the height of the summer season, I would advise arriving when it opens if you are visiting independently. The gates to Ephesus open at 8am. Not only will you beat the harsh midday sun, but you’ll enjoy the ruins almost entirely to yourself.

The Library of Celsus at Ephesus

I went in August and enjoyed a few hours with few other tourists at all, it was pretty magical!

The alternative is to visit late in the day as the crowds begin to thin out and tourists head back to the cruise ship port.

In the summer months (April to October), Ephesus is open from 8am – 7pm and in the winter, from 8am to 5pm.

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey
Standing in the Amphitheatre at Ephesus
When to visit Ephesus
Enjoying an empty Ephesus
one of the main sites at Ephesus
No crowds!

How to get to Ephesus

The ruins of Ephesus are located just outside of the pleasant town of Selçuk. There is both a bus and train station here, making it fairly easy to arrive here. The nearest airport is Izmir. Unless coming on an organised tour, I would strongly recommend arriving the evening before. This means your start doesn’t need to be quite as early, as the ruins are a simple 5 minute dolmuş (minibus) journey from the centre of town.

Where to stay near Ephesus?

If you are going to arrive the evening before, I can highly recommend Saint John Hotel. I enjoyed a really pleasant stay here and was so well looked after by the team. It’s about a five minute walk from the train station and although the area is a little dusty and run-down, the hotel is absolutely beautiful. I even had a circular bed here!

The historic hotel is family-owned and run, and I had the pleasure to meet the father, the mother, the daughters, the sons, the in-laws.. basically everyone! It was an amazingly friendly hotel atmosphere and they made me feel right at home.

Check rates for Saint John Hotel here.

Where to stay near Ephesus
Saint John Hotel and the lovely swimming pool
Where to stay near Ephesus
Lunch at Saint John Hotel

The main archaeological sites

Prioritising seeing the main sites first means that once the crowds do start to arrive, you’ll have already seen the main sites and can focus on the lesser visited ruins.

Doing this makes it easier to capture the photos you want, enjoy the sites to yourself and really soak up the atmosphere.

Oh, and you have time to make friends with the resident cats!

My top tip here is to start at the lower gate (there is more than one gate). You will come to this gate anyway if arriving by dolmuş from Selçuk. This gate is very close to the Library of Celsus and the bigger of the two incredible amphitheatres.

Arriving at the lower gate at Ephesus
Arriving at the lower gate at Ephesus

It is also useful to know that the other gate is where the coaches park up and the hordes of tourists arrive, so it’s better to enjoy the quieter side of Ephesus.

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey

What to wear to visit Ephesus

If you visit Ephesus in the summer months, it’s going to be really hot. There is not a lot of shade around and the heat even reflects of the smooth white rock.

You don’t need to be covered up for religious reasons but it would be a good idea to cover up against the sun. Definitely wear a hat!

In terms of footwear, it’s important to know that the rocks are very smooth and quite slippy. It would be advisable to wear shoes with some grip, as I wore flip-flops and I spent my day sliding along, eek!

what to wear to ephesus
The paths around Ephesus

What to take for a day visit to Ephesus

Unlike other tourist attractions, there really aren’t any stalls or shops inside. There are a few cafes and stalls at the edge, but once you’re inside Ephesus, you’ll need to be self-sufficient. I’d recommend bringing enough water and snacks for your visit.

There are toilets on the edge of the site, near the gates.

How long do I need to spend to visit Ephesus

I enjoyed a good four hours or so from 8am to 12pm exploring Ephesus. A half day was the perfect amount of time for me. I avoided the heat of the day, the crowds and didn’t have to carry lunch with me, as I left to have it back in town.

Cruise ship visitors tend to visit the ruins at Ephesus for three or so hours, but the drive from Kusadasi and a stop for lunch probably makes it into a full day visit.

Can I go on a tour to Ephesus?

Definitely. GetYourGuide has some excellent options which I’ve shared below:

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey
Amazing having these sites to explore to myself

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey

Have you been to Ephesus in Turkey? Do you have any other tips for visitors that I should include? I’d love to hear if so – drop a comment below!

Returning to Ephesus was as good as I had hoped it would be. I had such an enjoyable day avoiding the crowds at Ephesus and staying the night beforehand in Selçuk, For me, one half day was ideal for exploring Ephesus and I’m so glad I included it in my two week itinerary around Turkey. I hope you’ve found this post useful in planning your own day out at Ephesus.

If you’re considering a longer Turkey adventure, you might find my two week itinerary useful, as well as my guides to Pamukkale, Bodrum, sailing the famous Turquoise Coast, Istanbul and Cappadocia here.

Visiting Ephesus in Turkey

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Disclaimer: This visit to Ephesus, Turkey was entirely paid for by myself and there was no involvement from the tourism board or a hotel. This is an independent guide.

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  1. Danik
    September 25, 2017 / 12:09 pm

    This place looks totally amazing and would hit this up as soon as I make my first visit to Turkey. I love visiting ancient sites like those in Greece, but for me, Ephesus looks like to be on top of my list when I eventually get there. Its amazing that some of these ruins are still in very good condition. Love reading this post.

  2. Rachelle
    September 25, 2017 / 4:28 pm

    I remember my friend visiting Ephesus on a cruise and I admittedly didn’t know too much about the area. It looks like another world, for sure. I like your tips, and especially the one about arriving early. Those precious hours before the cruise ship tourists arrive are key!

  3. robert maichin
    February 26, 2023 / 6:30 pm

    We spent a day in Ephesus in June of 2016 and thoroughly enjoyed it . We are Roman Catholics and went primarily to see the Virgin Mary’s home where she fled the Roman troops after the Crusifiction of Jesus . The water I brought back from Mary’s artesian well is still As pure as when she drank it over 2,000 years ago. Of course I had it blessed as soon as we were safely out of Turkey and at our Holland America Cruise Ship’s morning Catholic Mass. A priest performing any Christian rituals in Turkey risks death and few survive the Erdogan executions in Muslim Turkey.

    Of course we visited the magnificent Library which sadly was stripped of most of it’s Greek and Roman artifacts after the rise of Islam after the fall of the Roman Empire.

    We tested the amazing acoustics at the amphitheater which seated 20,000 Ephesians when St. Paul delivered his sermons there. For years when I heard “St Paul’s letters to the Ephesians” at Mass I thought that he was speaking to a few hundred faithful. The Size and acoustics of the Roman Amphitheater there made it clear why Ephesus was the perfect location for Paul to spread the then new faith!

    Thanks for posting those great photos of this wonderful place.

  4. Christine Clark
    August 21, 2023 / 6:54 pm

    you are spot on with your tip to start at the bottom gate. We did this my second time there, on advice of our driver and it was the best tip yet. You don’t really meet up with the people starting at the top gate till you are halfway through the city, therefore having the whole bottom half practically to yourself. I also spent a good amount of time visiting with the kitties 🙂 Bringing cat food this time 🙂

    • January 8, 2024 / 8:50 am

      Ahh I’m so pleased that worked out for you! It’s amazing isn’t it, and sooo many cats!! <3

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